The International Convention Against Doping in Sport, which promotes no-advance- notice, out-of-competition and in-competition testing, was adopted unanimously by the General Conference of the UN Educational, Scientific and Cultural Organization (UNESCO) in October 2005.“No other international standard-setting instrument elaborated by UNESCO has been ratified so rapidly,” UNESCO Director-General Koïchiro Matsuura said yesterday after the treaty’s ratification by Luxembourg.“This much awaited Convention will enter into force in little over a month. This is good news for all and a clear signal to youth and the sporting world, both amateur and professional, that we take this question very seriously,” he added.“The struggle against doping is a choice of education, an ethical combat for human rights, and a wager on life. Thanks to this Convention, the anti-doping struggle is brought for the first time into the realm of international law. Governments, sporting federations, the Olympic movement and civil society now have a veritable, legally-binding international instrument.” Mr. Matsuura will convene the first session of the Conference of States Parties from 5-7 February at UNESCO headquarters in Paris. States Parties will elect a Bureau, adopt rules of procedure and create a Voluntary Contribution Fund for the elimination of doping in sport. The treaty commits States Parties to adopt steps in line with the principles stated in the World Anti-Doping Code of the World Anti-Doping Agency, adopted during the World Conference on Doping in Sport held in Copenhagen in 2003. But because the Agency is a Swiss private law foundation, the Code is not legally binding according to public law.