Keep track of how long foods have been on the buffet table. The two-hour rule isimportant. “Never let foods sit at room temperature more than two hours,” Harrisonsaid. On the buffet table, keep hot foods hot (140 degrees or warmer) with chafing dishes,crock pots or warming trays. Keep cold foods 40 degrees or colder by nesting dishes inbowls of ice. Or use small serving bowls and replace them often. That means washing your hands before and after handling food. It means keeping yourkitchen, dishes and utensils clean, too. And always serve food on clean plates. They’re safe indefinitely in the freezer, she said. But most will taste best if eaten withinfour months. To be safe, thoroughly reheat leftovers to 165 degrees. “You can’t smell or taste these bacteria in food,” Harrison said. “The only way to keepthem from ruining your party is to make a point of preparing and handling foodsafely.” After the meal, throw out any foods that sat for more than two hours on the buffettable, Harrison said. Other leftovers are safe in the refrigerator for four days. Divide the carved meat and turkey parts into small, shallow containers.That will allow the turkey to cool fast and evenly and reheat quickly at meal time. When you travel, pack the turkey and other perishable foods in a cooler with ice orfrozen gel packs. When you get where you’re going, refrigerate the foods quickly. You can cook the turkey a day ahead, Harrison said, but not if want to take it whole.You can’t safely cool and then reheat a whole cooked turkey. If you must cook a dayahead, go ahead and carve it. Reheat the foods in a 325-degree oven or a microwave to an internal temperature of165 degrees, or until they’re steaming hot. “To transport an unstuffed cooked turkey,” Harrison said, “take it out of the oven,immediately wrap it in foil and put it straight into the cooler. Then put it into thewarmest spot in the car.” What about a cooked stuffed turkey? “Don’t try to transport it stuffed,” she said.”Remove the stuffing immediately after cooking and transport it in a dish, not in theturkey.” If you have to travel an especially long way, Harrison said, maybe it’s best toreconsider. “Bacteria are everywhere. But a few types especially like to crash parties,” said JudyHarrison, a foods specialist with the University of Georgia Extension Service. Be sure you cook the turkey in an oven set no lower than 325 degrees. Cook it until ameat thermometer placed in the thigh reaches 180 degrees. Then let it stand 20minutes. But if you’re not careful, these meals can lead to some of the holidays’ worst, too. These feasts can offer the best of the fall holidays. People tend to bring only their bestfoods to share with their families and friends. “Dinner on the grounds,” a treasured tradition in rural churches, still delights manyGeorgians. It carries over into large family gatherings and many other holiday settings. If it’s stuffed, remove the stuffing and cool it quickly in small, shallow dishes. Carveall the meat from the turkey, leaving legs, thighs and wings if you wish. If you’re taking the turkey, be especially careful. “Sometimes it’s safer just to give up on the idea of taking your feast across thecountry,” she said. “Look for new traditions when you get there.” Don’t partially cook a turkey ahead of time and then finish it before the meal, either. Itcan’t be safely done. Some of the culprits, she said, are Salmonella, Staphylococcus aureus, Clostridiumperfringens and Listeria monocytogenes. If they lurk in your food, you won’t be able totell it.
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FIFA has released the September national team rankings three days away from the last African qualifiers draw for 2014 World Cup set for Cairo at CAF HQ. The five highest ranked teams are, Ivory Coast, Ghana, Algeria, Cape Verde and Nigeria. They will be placed in Pot 1 and in the second Pot will have Egypt, Burkina Faso, Cameroon, Senegal and Ethiopia.FIFA Team led by its director of Competitions, Mustapha Fahmy and including Gordon Savic, Head of FIFA World Cup & Olympic Qualifiers Competitions, will be in Egypt for the draw. The draw will take place at 12.00hrs (Cairo time) 10.00hrs GMT. There will be also a draw for each match to determine which team plays host first.The home and away play-off matches to find the five (5) African representatives at the FIFA World Cup Brazil 2014 will be played during: 11-15 October 2013: 1st leg and 15-19 November 2013: 2nd leg.
Evolutionists seem in a bit of a quandary lately. They are convinced that humans evolved from apes, but cannot deny the large cognitive gaps between humans and the alleged nearest ancestors, the great apes. It’s not just a matter of IQ. The social skills, language, reasoning, altruism and empathy humans express have no parallels in the animal kingdom. Some recent articles explored the great divide and wondered whether evolutionary theory can bridge it. “Humans not just ‘big-brained apes,’ researcher says,” was the title of an article on World Science. It discussed a recent paper in PNAS by David Premack, a psychologist at the University of Pennsylvania, entitled, “Human and animal cognition: Continuity and discontinuity.”1 Premack does not doubt evolutionary theory, but decided it’s time to focus on the differences between men and animals, not just the similarities. For instance, a paper in Science summarized by Elizabeth Pennisi alleged that monkeys expect each other to act rationally, and that this represents “humanlike reasoning”.2 Yet this was concluded only on the basis of experiments with food-getting. Nevertheless, the press release on EurekAlert claimed, “This study suggests that this ability evolved as long as 40 million years ago, with non-human primates.” Premack, however, disdained this kind of similarity-hunting. He questioned Charles Darwin’s assumption that “humans were essentially ‘big-brained apes’.” Neuroscientists have shown unique structures in the human brain not found in any animal brain, he said. These neural differences translate into mental and cognitive differences that are unique to humans. He did not begin to explain how these differences arose by an evolutionary process. Though animals often display traits once thought to be uniquely human, Premack focused on eight areas of the divide: teaching, short-term memory, causal reasoning, planning, deception, transitive inference, theory of mind, and language – and found “in all cases, the similarities between animal and human abilities are small, dissimilarities large.” Animal intelligence and behavior seems focused on a single goal (e.g., getting food), whereas human intelligence can focus on an infinite number of goals. Premack left it an unsolved problem how the cellular differences between the brains of animals and people translate into cognitive differences. Another article accentuated the differences. EurekAlert reported from a Science special feature on social cognition that higher social skills are distinctly human. For instance, experiments at the Max Planck Institute for Evolutionary Anthropology in Leipzig found that children are much better than apes at following nonverbal cues. For instance, “Apes bite and try to break a tube to retrieve the food inside while children follow the experimenter’s example to get inside the tube to retrieve the prize, showing that even before preschool, toddlers are more sophisticated in their social learning skills than their closest primate relatives.” The article did not doubt that evolution produced these differences, but wondered whether it was due to brain evolution or cultural evolution. To what extent is there animal in us, and us in animal? Alison Abbott reviewed a book Nature on this subject:3 The Human Animal in Western Art and Science by Martin Kemp (University of Chicago Press: 2007). The whimsical book surveyed how philosophers, artists, and scientists have dealt with the animal side of our natures. No one has doubted that humans resemble animals in many ways, both physical and mental; we are, after all, classified with the mammals. We compare ourselves with the animals (Richard the Lion-Hearted) and we attribute personalities to our pets. But till the mid-18th century, human nature was kept in a separate category. “Until Darwin came along, such cross-attribution never shook the deeply held belief that humans, with their capacity for abstraction, were cleanly distinct from animals, with their inability to rationalize their feelings or control their instincts, appetites and passions,” Abbott writes. In his book, Kemp denies a clear distinction. Abbott summarized the book’s viewpoint: “Science, from Darwin to the latest neuroscience and genomics, has shown that there is no sharp animal-human divide, only a sliding scale.” Yet this seems to beg the question. The situation might be a sliding scale in one direction but not the other. Surely some humans degenerate toward beastly behavior on a sliding scale, but it is one thing to claim humans act like animals, and another to claim animals act like humans. No animal appears to possess the unique human capabilities for reason, language, true altruism, morality and abstract thinking. Premack, remember, said that the dissimilarities are large. An injury or mental illness might render a man indistinguishable from an animal, but the converse is not true: we do not see chimpanzees discussing philosophy and morality and holding presidential primaries. The sliding scale might be continuous downward, but appears to hit a canyon upward. Though the above articles disagree on how these large cognitive and social differences between humans and apes arose, none of them questioned the reigning paradigm that humans evolved from apes, or that the differences can eventually be attributed to physical differences in the brain. A new book challenges that orthodoxy. The Spiritual Brain: A Neuroscientist’s Case for the Existence of the Soul by Beauregard and O’Leary (Harper One, 2007), released Sept. 4, re-opens the old philosophical dichotomy between mind and brain (see review by Anika Smith). It’s time to shed the physicalist bias, the book description explains,Many scientists ignore hard evidence that challenges their materialistic prejudice, clinging to the limited view that our experiences are explainable only by material causes, in the obstinate conviction that the physical world is the only reality. But scientific materialism is at a loss to explain irrefutable accounts of mind over matter, of intuition, willpower, and leaps of faith, of the “placebo effect” in medicine, of near-death experiences on the operating table, and of psychic premonitions of a loved one in crisis, to say nothing of the occasional sense of oneness with nature and mystical experiences in meditation or prayer. Traditional science explains away these and other occurrences as delusions or misunderstandings, but by exploring the latest neurological research on phenomena such as these, The Spiritual Brain gets to their real source.Beauregard is a PhD neuroscientist, and O’Leary is a journalist and blogger at the Mindful Hack. They are calling materialism a dead end. Until scientists acknowledge that the immaterial soul is real, they will never be able to explain human cognition or the gap between humans and animals. Philosophers and theologians will perk up at this resurrection of an idea thought mortally wounded by Darwin.1David Premack, “Human and animal cognition: Continuity and discontinuity,” Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences USA, August 28, 2007, vol. 104, no. 35, pp. 13861-13867.2Elizabeth Pennisi, “Nonhuman Primates Demonstrate Humanlike Reasoning,” Science, 7 September 2007: Vol. 317. no. 5843, p. 1308, DOI: 10.1126/science.317.5843.1308.3Alison Abbott, “The animal in us,” Nature 449, 26-27 (6 September 2007) | doi:10.1038/449026a.Here’s how you can know that the materialists are wrong. Without a soul, reasoning is impossible. Why? Because reasoning depends on unchangeable, intangible realities: truth and the laws of logic. You cannot get unchangeable, intangible realities out of colliding particles or forces. Evolution proposes a constantly shifting, purposeless, aimless trend of life that can lay no claim to truth or logic. Arguments about human-ape similarities and differences, and whether human brains are physically unique or not, are pointless. You cannot even argue at all within a materialistic world view. All you can say is that lips are moving or pencils are making marks on paper – but even that requires assuming that observations are reliable and sentences are logical. Trying to argue within materialism reduces to making incomprehensible noises. The only way Premack, Pennisi and all the other evolutionary materialists out there can think and reason about human and animal brains, therefore, is by borrowing theological assumptions: i.e., that truth and logic exist, and that their souls have access to these immaterial realities. This means that by reasoning they are assuming the very thing they deny. This is a self-refuting position. It must, therefore, be false. Why? Because to refute something is to falsify it. Materialism is, therefore, false, and it is irrational to listen to materialists try to explain anything, especially the mind, because they are believing opposite things. So let’s all get rational here. It follows that any reasoned explanation using evidence and logic, if presumed to be a attempt at uncovering something that is or might be true, requires acknowledging an immaterial reality that is eternal and reliable. Belief in truth and the laws of logic is a precondition to the intelligibility of any proposition. This precondition makes sense in the Christian world view. It makes no sense within materialism. Darwin’s disciples have had 140 years to bury the soul, but it won’t stay interred. It keeps whispering into the brain, “there is more here than meets the eye.” Shutting one’s physical ears is no escape from the voice inside. But since inner voices are notoriously inconsistent and unreliable, our souls need to take instruction from a more reliable source, one that is eternal, wise, omniscient, morally good and truthful. It stands to reason that only a person can communicate with another person, so the source needs to be personal. And the only Person who knows everything is the Inventor who came before the invention (the universe). Good news: He communicates. More good news: He has bridged the mind-body divide (Acts 17:22-29, Hebrews 1:1-3).(Visited 145 times, 1 visits today)FacebookTwitterPinterestSave分享0
Share with your Friends:More Geocaching doesn’t stop when the sun goes down. That’s especially true when the winter days grow short. A group of Ontario, Canada geocachers known as the BFL Crew go night caching every Friday. Once a year though, it’s not just a few people on the hunt for night caches – more than two hundred geocachers take the woods after dark. Saturday, October 29 will mark the sixth annual “BFL BOOT CAMP.”The cache page promises, “an evening full of mischief planned, and we’re sure you’ll enjoy it.” John Robb of teamvoyagr is one of more than 15 organizers for the event. He’s been introducing people to night caching for years. He says, “It is natural for people to be apprehensive about going in the woods at night to find caches. Your senses become heightened. You have to keep your eyes open for branches, roots, rocks and other obstacles that are in your path. Noises sound different and much closer at night. The creaking tree always seems closer when it’s dark. This heightened sensitivity is what makes night caching so much fun. You feel the experience more than you see it. ”BFL Boot CampThe night caching community has grown over the last six years of BFL Boot Camp. Attendance for the 2011 event has already climbed to more than 200 “will attends” and there’s still time to register.John says part of that success of the event is experiencing the joy of night caching and part of it is enjoying the geocaching community. Hey says, “The BFL Bootcamp combines the fun of caching at night with the group camaraderie of caching with friends. Small groups form up and head out to find the caches. The event runs from 2100h to 0400h and over the course of the night groups will encounter each other on the trails. At those meetings previous finders pass on encouragement and warnings about the challenges of certain caches. As word spreads anticipation mounts.”This year John says there’s more to experience at night than any other BFL Boot Camp. He says, “This year there have been caches that use reflectors, ultra-violet light (UV), infra-red light, glow in the dark, lasers, LEDs, polarized light, Wherigo and one even used braille.”If you can’t make it Ontario for the BFL Bootcamp, John offers this advice for your own night caching event, “Start with the basics. Not everyone wants to go traipsing through the woods at night. Create some caches that aren’t too complicated so that people can be rewarded for overcoming their apprehension with a find or two. Finding a night cache is more about your awareness skills than it is about your GPSr. ”Here’s four easy tips from John about how to get started night caching in small groups:1) Find a Partner: (or partners): John says, “[We] encourage group searching. We don’t advise doing anything in the woods alone at night.”BFL Boot Camp2) Light up the Night: John says, “Another important point about night caching is having good lights. An LED headlamp is the best type of light to use. FireTacks [special reflectors] seem to show up better with an LED light. Anything that is retro reflective is much brighter the closer the light source is to your eye.” You may also want to bring a UV light. Many night caching clues involve UV light.3)Don’t go Dark: John says, “And don’t forget the extra batteries.”4) Be Aware: Check out some of these favorite night caches to see what’s out there. John says, “Blind Man’s Bluff (GC2G4AV) which required the finder to use locate six tubes that had braille numbers punched on the inside. Underworld (GC2D81G). This cache required the finder to enter several slot caves in the Niagara Escarpment and locate reflectors. This was a physically as well as mentally challenging cache. A tricky cache from two years ago was Signs of Night (GC1Y19Z). The simplicity of this cache can fool you. My group couldn’t figure it out without the help of the hint. I really enjoyed this cache for its elegant simplicity.”For more on night caching check out this Geocaching.com video. SharePrint RelatedJanuary Geocacher of the Month Nominees – Add Your CommentFebruary 7, 2014In “Community”August’s Geocacher of the Month: I hope you’re not afraid of awesomeAugust 20, 2014In “Community”Announcing the April 2015 Geocacher of the MonthMay 13, 2015In “Community”
5 Outdoor Activities for Beating Office Burnout 9 Books That Make Perfect Gifts for Industry Ex… As more tools like Augmentation lower the bar of entry for augmented reality, a flood of AR data will begin to fill platforms like Layar, junaio and Wikitude. This progression is not unlike that of the Web with the widespread popularity of blogs. With the Web, however, powerful search engines make finding relevant content much easier and Websites are (for the most part) browser agnostic.This is not the case with mobile AR, where content is limited to the browser it is built for. Efforts for standardization in AR will help ease this problem, but what is really needed is a new open mobile AR browser that can aggregate content from the other platforms. Looking forward, solutions like these will benefit the overall proliferation of AR, instead of fragmenting and limiting it.Hoppala’s Augmentation tool is a great next step for AR content creation, as it lets users focus on creating great content, not on the complex technical aspects of AR. That said, it signals the beginning of a new era for AR as content creation is as easy as hosting a blog. As augmented reality matures, the platforms through which we use it must mature as well. chris cameron 12 Unique Gifts for the Hard-to-Shop-for People… When content management systems (CMS) like WordPress and Blogger hit the Web several years ago, the Internet entered a new age where it became quick and easy for anyone with a computer to contribute content. This week, augmented reality (AR) took a significant step toward becoming more like the read/write Web with the launch of an online mobile AR CMS for creating content on the Layar platform.“Augmentation” – a Web-based tool for generating mobile AR content – was created by Layar Partner Network member Hoppala. With a Layar developer account, users of Augmentation can easily and instantaneously place their content in Layar with zero code and a few clicks on a map. Custom icons, images, audio, video and 3D content can all be added by way of a full screen map interface, and Hoppala will even host all of the data.The company has been providing content management solutions for Layar since launching a beta test of its Layarserver in August of 2009. This project, however, is new in that it provides a tidy user-friendly GUI for adding myriad AR data instantly to Layar. For a more detailed look at how the Augmentation Web app works, watch the video embedded below. 4 Keys to a Kid-Safe App Related Posts Tags:#Augmented Reality#web
I’ve met people that knew from a very young age that they wanted to be lawyers, doctors, writers, police officers, and fire fighters. My younger brother, Jason, knew he wanted to be a professional stand up comedian when he was in third grade (His teacher gave him an assignment to draw a picture of what he wanted to be when he grew up. He drew a stick figure with the words “comedy man” scribbled above it).I don’t know any person that grew up dreaming of being a salesperson. I am sure there must be someone somewhere that grew up dreaming of carrying a bag, but I’ve never met that person (and I have met a lot of salespeople).So how do you know if sales is your path?To be honest, I have no idea how to answer this question. But since a young reader wrote to me to ask me to answer the question, I’ll do my best to share a few thoughts.If you don’t love what you do, then you stop doing it and do something else. You only get one ride on this great, spinning rock. That ticket is good for about 80 or so trips around the Sun and then you are greeted with an evicition notice. So far, there’s no appeal. I can’t think of one good reason not to do what makes you happy. If selling doesn’t make you happy, then do what does make you happy (Unless you decide to become an entrepreneur. If you believe that being an entrepreneur isn’t a sales job, you are in for a seriously big surprise).If you aren’t happy prospecting and opening relationships, if you don’t relish the challenge and rewards of creating a relationship out of thin air, then selling might not be your path. If you aren’t comfortable working on the line between conflict and collaboration, then selling might not be your path. If you would rather be told what to do, repeating the same tasks over and over again without being required to use all of your persistence, all of your initiative, and every ounce of your resourcefulness, sales might not be your path. I could make an exhaustive list here, but it won’t help.I love selling because I love the competition and challenge. I love creating value by solving problems. And I love helping other people get results that they wouldn’t get without my help. But that’s me. That’s my path. Yours is different.No one can answer the questions as to what your path should be for you. Most people won’t even bother to give you good advice. They’ll tell you to play it safe in a world that punishes people that do so. The best I can offer is that you shouldn’t do something that doesn’t make you happy, and to know that discovering your path is your path—and it might take you a lot of years to stumble upon it. Get the Free eBook! Want to master cold calling? Download my free eBook! Many would have you believe that cold calling is dead, but the successful have no fear of the phone; they use it to outproduce their competitors. Download Now
APTN National NewsFormer junior hockey coach Graham James has a date to appear in court.He is scheduled for a sentencing hearing on Feb. 22. The Crown will be asking for jail time.James pleaded guilty two counts of repeated sexual assault spanning from 1983 to 1994.James was previously convicted for sexual assaults on three former players, including Sheldon Kennedy, back in 1997.He served three-and-a-half years.APTN National News reporter Tiar Wilson was in court to hear the details.